IVF or In-vitro Fertilization
IVF or In-Vitro Fertilization also called as “test-tube baby” procedure is the most advanced reproductive technology. IVF is an assisted reproduction program, a boon for the infertile couples who are willing to have a baby but are not able to naturally.
To overcome infertility in male and female, IVF involves a series of procedures, In the first stage, Man’s sperm and the Woman’s eggs are fertilized in a laboratory developing the embryo. In the next stage, the number of healthy embryos is transferred (ET) into the woman’s uterus aiming at providing safer parenthood.
We will discuss all the steps involved in IVF in details.
In what cases IVF treatment is suggested?
IVF is recommended in the following cases:-
- Blockage of one or the both Fallopian tubes
- Age of couple is more than 40 years
- Infrequent or irregular ovulation cycle
- Premature ovarian failure
- Hormone oestrogen disorder
- Uterine fibroids
- Tubal sterilization or removal
- Poor sperm quality or semen abnormalities in Man
- Infertility with no defined reason
- The patients went through the chemotherapy & radiation
- Genetic Disorders
WHY OPT FOR IVF?
IVF treatment in Delhi offers the best chances of getting rid of infertility in comparison to the other fertility treatments. However, the success rate depends on certain factors like the age of the couple, medical history and other related investigations.
Couples who have been trying to have a baby for long but are unable to have, IVF treatment offers them the best solution. We at medical treatment center encourage such couples to visit the fertility doctors, fertility specialists in Delhi to avail the benefits of IVF.
IVF Treatment is Successful and cost-effective. IVF treatment cost in India is much cheaper in comparison to the IVF Cost in the USA.
What are Tests and investigations Involved under the IVF?
A series of investigations are required primarily to evaluate the couple before initiating for the IVF program. The investigations include Infertility Evaluation, Transvaginal Ultrasonography (TVS), Folliculometry and Sonography, Saline Sonography (SIS), Semen analysis, Infectious disease screening, Practice (mock) embryo transfer, Uterine cavity exam, hormone tests for both husband and wife.
What is the Process of IVF?
Pre IVF Assessment
The very first step begins with consulting the fertility doctor or infertility specialist in Delhi, India, getting all the recommended tests and investigations done.
To begin the IVF treatment, male sperm test (semen analysis) and ovarian monitoring are done regularly.
Ovaries are stimulated by giving Hormone injections into the ovaries with the aim to produce more eggs. It starts from day two of the menstruation cycle to promote the growth of follicles containing the eggs.
Ultrasonography and blood investigations are done at regular intervals to monitor the growth of the eggs.
After 8 to 12 days of ovarian stimulation, an HCG injection is given for the final maturation of the eggs rupturing the follicles, after the fertility doctor finds the enough sized eggs.
Now after 34 to 36 hours of giving the trigger shot (HCG Injection), the ruptured follicle is collected. This egg retrieval process is carried out in daycare under local anesthesia with Ultrasound Guided Aspiration.
Once eggs are retrieved, the embryologist processes the eggs in the ART laboratory.
A fresh sample of semen is extracted and analyzed which is then processed to be used in the IVF Treatment.
Multiple retrieved eggs from the female’s ovaries and the sperm sample is taken from the male partner are fertilized in the laboratory.
After 16-18 hours, it is monitored if the fertilization has been successful. A fertilized egg is called an embryo; which is then cultured in an incubator for three to five days to check their growth.
The embryologist selects the best embryo and based on the quality, quantity, and growth of the cultured embryos, are implanted into the uterus of the female partner.
Once the embryo is transferred, the fertility specialist may prescribe certain medicines to enhance the success of embryo implantation. After 2 weeks of IVF procedure, the pregnancy test is done to confirm the pregnancy.
After conception, the baby grows in the mother’s womb just like a normal pregnancy.