WHAT ARE GALLSTONES?
They are not general stones. They are bits of strong material that shape in the gallbladder, a little organ situated under the liver. Gallstones are stone-like tiny objects that shape in the gallbladder or bile conduits. You probably won’t know you have them until the point that they obstruct a bile conduit, causing irritation. Gallstones can be minor (the extent of a grain of sand) or might be as vast as a golf ball.
WHAT CAUSES GALLSTONES?
There may be several reasons, including:
- Problems with your gallbladder
- A lot of cholesterol in your bile
- A lot of bilirubin in your bile
- Concentrated bile because of a full gallbladder
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GALLBLADDER STONES?
A few gallstones stay ‘quiet’ and don’t bring on any indications. Here are some potential symptoms of gallbladder stones.
- Pain in the upper belly and upper back that lasts for several hours
- Dark urine
- Other digestive problems
- Clay-coloured stools
HOW ARE GALLBLADDER STONES DIAGNOSED?
Different tests that may help in the finding of gallstones include the following:
- Blood tests to check for indications of contamination or hindrance, and to preclude different conditions.
- Ultrasound – This brisk system makes pictures of within your body.
- CT examine – Particular X-beams enable your specialist to see inside your body, including your gallbladder.
- Computed tomography
- Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) : In this test, an endoscope—an adaptable tube with a light and a camera joined—is embedded into the patient’s mouth, down the throat, and into the stomach and small digestive tract. Colour is infused to enable the bile pipes to emerge. On the off chance that there are gallstones in the bile pipe, they can be expelled by the endoscope.
- Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) : In MRCP, the bile pipes are inspected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a test that utilizes a vast magnet, radio waves, and a PC to deliver clear pictures of parts of the body. In contrast to ERCP, MRCP can just diagnose gallstones; it can’t be utilized to treat gallstones.
- Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) : This technique joins endoscopy with ultrasound. In EUS, a little ultrasound transducer is introduced on the tip of an endoscope and embedded into the patient’s mouth. Since the EUS transducer can draw near to the gallbladder and bile conduits, the pictures acquired with EUS can be more precise and nitty-gritty than pictures given by conventional ultrasound.
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR GALLBLADDER STONES
- Nonsurgical medications: Medications can help in small-sized stones.
- Surgical Procedure: Your specialist may need to play out a laparoscopic gallbladder evacuation. This is a typical medical procedure that requires general anaesthesia.
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy – This is the gold standard surgical intervention for gall bladder stone The surgeon passes the laparoscope an instrument with a light and a camera through a few little cuts in the abdomen. He removes the gall bladder monitoring on a video screen attached to the laparoscope. A patient can go home on the same day or can stay for one night in the hospital.
- Open cholecystectomy -The specialist makes greater cuts in the stomach to remove the gallbladder. Stay in the hospital for a couple of days after the task.