As the name implies, Kidney stones are formed in the kidneys. The presence of stones in the urinary tract is referred to as Urolithiasis while the kidney stones are referred to as Nephrolithiasis and the stones in the ureter are termed as Urolithiasis. The location of the stone in the Kidney or urinary tract is more important than its size.
While oftentimes, the smallest kidney stones can directly be passed out of the body with the mere pressure of the urine builds up even without the person ever knowing it, sometimes this is not the case and kidney stone can grow to larger proportions.
Large kidney stones can especially be life-threatening as they can potentially block the urinary tract and cause the kidney to shut down over time. Kidney stone occurrences in men have been reported to be higher than women, this could be because of a number of factors and men often hold their bowels for longer.
Anyone with kidney stones may experience following signs and symptoms :
The pain caused by a kidney stone may change from the portion of the human body to the other depending on the position and movement of the kidney stone as it is in the urinary tract where there are a constant influx and efflux of fluids.
If the patient is suspected to be carrying a kidney stone, he or she is advised to take up the following tests:
For smaller stones with minimal symptoms, the following treatment is advised:
In cases where the patient is unable to pass the kidney stone on their own, the doctor may give them a medication to help pass the kidney stone.
Certain types of kidney stone cases cannot be treated with conservative measures – either because they’re very large to pass on their own or because they can potentially cause bleeding, kidney damage or if there is an on-going urinary tract infection. These cases may require more extensive treatment. Procedures may include as follows:
Once the stone is located, special tools are used to snare the stone or break them into pieces that will then pass into the urine of the patient.
The doctor may then place a small tube also known as the stent in the ureter to relieve swelling and promote healing. The patient will probably need general or local anesthesia during this procedure.
Book an appointment for Kidney Stone Treatment at medical treatment Center in Delhi.