What are the complications associated with obesity

  • medical_centre
  • September 9, 2019

Obesity is gradully turning into a leading problem everywhere the globe.

A lot of medical conditions like heart issues, diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, infertility in men and women and lots of additional disorders including respiratory problems have a right away association with obesity or overweight.

There is a clear evidence that obesity reduces one’s life by many years also cuts the quality of life.

How to calculate obesity levels

The global method of calculating the obesity levels is BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) , which is an estimate of body fat based on one’s height and weight.

BMI is calculated by a formula of dividing a person’s weight in kg by the square of their height in meters.

The Indication for BMI Range are as follows:
BMI Range Category
16.5 to 22.4 Normal Size
22.5 to 27.4 Overweight
27.5 to 32.4 Class I, Obesity
32.5 to 37.4 Class II, Serious Obesity
37.5 and greater Class III, Severe Obesity

BMI is one indicator to determine one’s obesity levels and the risk of potential health problems associated with it. A high range of BMI can be a sign of too much fat in the body whereas low range of BMI is an indicator of very less fat in the body.


Mostly the patients with obesity lose weight temporarily with the help of dieting.

As per some studies, the patients can maintain a weight loss of 10-12 kg only five years.

Laparoscopic Bariatric surgery results in weight loss that is permanent provided the patient follows the instructions of his/her nutritionist and laparoscopic surgeon.

Importantly, bariatric surgery reduces the risk of death due to obesity and serious health problems associated with obesity, which cannot be attained with diet control and exercise.


Weight loss surgery should be considered if one:

  • is unable to achieve a healthy body weight even after a strict medical weight loss program
  • has a BMI of more than 37.5
  • has a BMI of more than 32.5 but affected by health problems like Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Respiratory Problems like asthma, Joint Problems like osteoarthritis or when obesity starts affecting one’s day to day activities.


Obesity and Heart Disease

Conditions like obesity and overweight significantly increase the risk for different kinds of cardiovascular disease including high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.

Type 2 diabetes, which is itself a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is caused by obesity in most cases.

Obesity is also a cause of high cholesterol, which is again one of the causes of heart disease.

In addition, obesity increase the risk for atrial fibrillation- the irregular heart rhythm contributing to risk for stroke.

Obesity and Heart Failure

A heart failure can have a variety of causes such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and obesity. Heart Failure can lead to the symptoms of congestive heart failure, in which fluid collects in the lungs, making it hard to breathe.

Even though a person with obesity may not show any signs and symptoms of heart failure, but still they are considered to be at the initial stage of heart failure.

This makes an important statement about the significance of treating obesity to avoid complications like heart failure.

Bariatric Surgery helps to Prevent Heart Failure

It has been noticed that people with obesity or overweight make great chances towards preventing cardiovascular disease by losing some weight. Even a small cut like 5-10% of excess weight contributes a lot in avoiding major complication like heart failure.

Weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery like gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and lap banding is considered as useful method in reduction of the rates of diabetes and high blood pressure significantly, that eventually minimize the risk of heart problems.

Other Ways that help Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease

In addition to weight loss through exercises or bariatric surgery there are other alternatives, which can help one to reduce the risk for any heart problem.

A regular preventive health check for your body is an essential step towards the prevention of any major problem later in life. We encourage you to get your vitals checked regularly including cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar. A general body check-up helps to detect any abnormality in one’s body at early stage where the treatment is easy and not expensive too.

Book an appointment with the best bariatric surgeon in Delhi at medical treatment centre.

Indulge yourself in physical activities like some sports or exercise or yoga.

Keep a control on your diet.

Follow us on

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Are you looking for ? Please fill the form.

Book Your Appointment OR Call Now

(+91)98866 24303

Book an Appointment