Our abdominal wall is made of the various layers. The weak spot sometimes may force the internal contents outside to herniate. Hence Hernia is a condition when an organ or fatty tissue pushes through an abnormal opening in the abdominal muscle or tissue that holds it in place. A hernia or bulging can occur in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas.
CLASSIFICATION OF HERNIA
Hernias can be a congenital defect or post-surgical complications.
Types of Hernia:
- Inguinal hernia.
- Femoral hernia.
- Umbilical hernia.
- Incisional hernia.
- Epigastric hernia.
- Hiatal hernia.
Symptoms of Hernia:
- Swelling at the hernial site associated with pain or dragging sensation
- Enlargement of the swelling with increasing intra-abdominal pressure on coughing or straining.
Plan of Treatment:
Though most hernias do not go away on their own but they aren not immediately life threatening. In most of the cases of hernia, surgical intervention is recommended so to prevent potentially dangerous complications.
Purpose of the surgery is return of the protruded organ/content back into their usual position and repairing the area of weakness.
In most cases, a plastic screen, which is called mesh (made from non-reactive material), is used to reinforce the area in repairing the overwhelming majority of hernias safely. The mesh patch becomes part of the body, giving support and strength to the abdominal wall.
Hernia surgery is done with the help of Laparoscope in general anaesthesia.
Advantages of laparoscopic hernia repair are:
- Shorter recovery Time
- Minimal pain
- Minimal Post-operative complications
- High success rate
- Short stay at hospital
Length of Stay : 1 day in hospital
Success Rate : 99%
- Ultrasound Whole Abdomen
- Complete Blood Count
- Liver Function Test
- Blood Sugar
- Urine – Routine & Microscopy
- Lipid profile
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