The prostate is a small gland in Males which is walnut-sized and located between the bladder and the penis. Many Men experience urinary problems as their age advances. The reason can be inflammation or increased size of prostate. The increased size of prostate is termed as Enlarged prostate or Benign prostate hyperplasia. It happens to almost all Men after 45 years. This does not indicate prostate cancer but it should be thoroughly evaluated by the top urologist. Few Men do not experience any symptom related to enlarged prostate however it is suggested for every Men to consult their Urologist once to keep their prostate in good health.
Following are the symptoms a Man experiences when suffering from Benign Prostate hyperplasia:
- Though bladder feels full but trouble initiating urine flow
- Interrupted or weak urinary stream
- Frequent urination
- Sudden urgency to urinate
- Inability to empty the bladder completely during urination
- difficulty starting to urinate
- increased frequency of urination ,every 1 to 2 hours, mainly at night
- leakage of urine
- retention of urine
- Needing to stop and start urinating several times
CAUSES OF ENLARGED PROSTATE:
The causes of enlarged prostate or benign prostate hyperplasia are not well understood. As per a few studies and on the basis of many patients treatment , factors related to aging and family history are considered as the causing factors for enlarged prostate.
HOW TO DIAGNOSE AN ENLARGED PROSTATE
A Man who is over age of 45 years and having trouble urinating and a weak or intermittent urinary flow, he could have an enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
If you experience these symptoms, book an appointment with the urologist at medical treatment centre.
TESTS THAT HELP DIAGNOSE BPH
The following diagnostic tools are used to diagnose enlarged prostate, but not all of these are always necessary. We encourage men above 45 years of age to consult the urologist to discuss which of these might be helpful in your case.
- Urodynamic study helps to understand the flow of urine in a person and other trend- whether a person retain urine. Urologist gets to know that patient’s urine stream is normal or abnormal, based on which he can make a diagnosis.
- Uroflowmetryis an investigation tool that checks for any obstruction in the urinary bladder and measures how rapidly and fully one’s bladder empties. A person with benign prostate hyperplasia or enlarged prostate fails to have to steady stream of urine and this reduced flow rate of urine can be considered as a sign of BPH.
- The Post-void residual (PVR) urine studychecks for any blockage in urinary bladder. PVR measures how much urine remains in a person’s bladder after he urinates. Generally the reading of PVR between 100 to 200 milliliters or higher indicates a urinary blockage. However at times this test may not be accurate so a Urologist makes accurate diagnosis considering other diagnostic reports too.
- Ultrasound KUB is done to check upon the size of prostate gland.
- Urine analysis is suggested to rule out any infection in the urine.
- PSA- Prostate specific antigen is a blood test that measures a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland and help diagnose if the patient has any signs of prostate cancer. However, PSA results does not alone diagnose the cancer of prostate gland. An increase in the PSA can be due to chronic infection sometimes.
To make a diagnosis, book an appointment with the urologist at medical treatment centre.
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR ENLARGED PROSTATE:
Enlarged Prostate Treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Few Men though symptomatic but can be managed with medicines. In case the symptoms are severe, the Urologist may recommend the surgical intervention for the patient.
- Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP): This is the most common surgery advised by the Urologists. Enlarged Prostate Success rate is high in comparison to other methods. Hospital stay is 1-2 days followed by a routine check up visit with the urologist after a week.
- Open Prostatectomy
- LASER surgery: Enlarged tissue in prostate is destroyed using LASER.
Visit Medical Treatment Centre and find more information about Enlarged Prostate, Enlarged Prostate Treatment, Best Doctors for Enlarged Prostate and Enlarged Prostate Cost.
To know more, Read our Enlarged Prostate Blog.
Is surgery only option to cure enlarge prostate?
There are various treatment options available to cure enlarged prostate that depends upon the severity of the condition. In cases of mild enlargement, medicines are the primary mode of treatment, which relax the prostate by reducing its size. A combination of few medicines are also recommended by the Urologists in certain cases of mild enlargement of prostate with increased level of PSA. Surgery is advised in the cases where prostate is largely sized and the symptoms are significant.
What is the best way to treat BPH?
Since prostate enlargement is a condition which is not considered as a life threatening condition so treatment can be initiated once the symptoms due to enlarged prostate result in some complications like thin and interrupted urinary stream. There are several types of treatment options,which are advised by the Urologist to get rid of prostate enlargement ranging from medicines to surgical intervention in severe cases.
What are the early signs of prostate problems?
A man with enlarged prostate experiences the Urinary complications including dribbling after urination, frequent urination especially during night, sense of incomplete bladder emptying, urgency to urinate and leaking, or weak or thin urinary stream.
Is prostate enlargement curable?
Yes ofcourse, prostate enlargement is completely treatable. Treatment depends upon certain factors like age of the patient, size of prostate , PSA level and urine flow. Treatment options available to treat enlarged prostate include medicines, combination of a few medicines or Surgery.
How to prevent Prostate Enlargement?
It is not certain that anything can prevent prostate enlargement but still lifestyle changes may prove beneficial in certain cases. A healthy lifestyle including exercises, maintaining body weight, health food can be good for one’s prostate health.
How can a man determine if he has an enlarged prostate?
A man can himself determine that he may have an enlarged prostate taking his current urinary complaints into consideration. A man above 50 years is likely to suffer with enlarged prostate. Early and classical signs of prostate enlargement include weak urinary stream, increased frequency of urination especially at night , feeling of incomplete emptying of urinary bladder. And to confirm the diagnosis he must go to a Urologist for certain investigations.
What causes prostate problems?
Factors that cause the prostate enlargement are not well known. It is said in many studies that enlarged prostate occurs due to aging and family history of a man.
How dangerous is having an enlarged prostate?
Enlarged prostate is not a condition, which can be considered as a life threatening condition however if not treated can lead to various serious complications like bleeding in urinary tract or recurrent urinary tract infection. Enlarged prostate if not treated can adversely affect a man’s normal daily life. Hence it is advisable to consult a Urologist as one starts showing signs of enlarged prostate so as to start the line of treatment in real time.
I'm 37 and my dr gave me a prostate exam. Was this normal?
Prostate examination can be done at young age as well. A Urologist suggests for a prostate examination based on the history of patient also as per his wisdom. Moreover any examination is done to confirm the diagnosis and define the plan of treatment accordingly.
Can an enlarged prostate hinder urination?
Prostate when enlarged complicates urination, signs include dribbling of urine, a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying, weak stream of urine.
How should doctors classify BPH from prostate cancer?
Benign prostate hyperplasia can be classified and distinguished from prostate cancer after a few investigations like Prostate Specific Antigen , Prostate biopsy if PSA level is increased and symptoms of the patient.
Is ejaculation good after an enlarged prostate surgery?
A man can not ejaculate after enlarged prostate surgery because the prostate and seminal vesicles that produces semen are both removed in surgery. However a man feels the orgasm naturally but can no longer ejaculate.
Does enlarged prostate affect my sex life?
Enlarged prostate does not affect sexual life much but in certain cases can lead to erectile dysfunction.
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