Kidney stone is a solid piece of material which is usually formed in kidney when level of minerals usually found in urine is increased. Urine contains many dissolved minerals and salts, when level of these minerals and salts is on high side one can form stones. Stones can be formed in one or both kidneys, also found in Ureter and Urinary Bladder. Kidney stones can block the flow of urine and cause infection, kidney damage or even kidney failure. Kidney stones size can vary from a tiny particle as big as filling the lower part of kidney. Kidney stones are found in kids and adults both.
SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONE:
Despite of differences in size or location of the stones, symptoms are same in each case. Kidney stone’s classic symptom is sharp flank pain originating from side of back and radiating till groin.
Following are the associated symptoms of kidney stones:
- Frequent urination
- Fever with chills
- Blood in urine
- Burning sensation while urination
- Nausea and vomiting
KIDNEY STONE TREATMENTS:
Kidney stones can be treated with the medical management (medicines) and surgically as well. Kidney stone treatment depends on certain factors like age of patient, size of the stone, location of stone and number of stones. Small stones donot require any treatment . At times these travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body on their own. But some stones which grow within the body for months or even years and become large sized require surgical intervention for their removal.
- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a surgical intervention in which stones with large size are removed using a nephroscope. This procedure is carried out in General anaesthesia. It is minimal invasive procedure. Length of stay in hospital is 1-2 days.
- Ureteroscopy (URS) is performed when the stone is found in the ureter. This is a non invasive procedure in which ureteric stone is removed using a small ureteroscope which is made to pass through the bladder and then into the ureter.
- RIRS (Retrograde Intra renal surgery): flexible Ureteroscope is used to remove the stones in upper part of ureter and kidney. This is the most advanced procedure to remove kidney stone till date. Hospital stay is of one day only and patient can resume his/her routine life in short span. Success rate is high provided procedure is done by an expert urologist.
To know more, Read our blogs.